Between countryside villas and farms
The archaeological surveys between 2004 and 2006 have shed light on how the Montescudaio territory was populated in Roman times: in the period stretching from the Romanisation of the Cecina Valley to the full imperial age (III century BC – II century AD), the area revealed its rural and agricultural vocation, due to the presence of countryside villas as Santa Perpetua and farms (Monte Petruzzi, Le Mandracce, Il Pino, Le Colline, and Poggio Masino).
Identified thanks to the dispersions of materials and to the presence of burial sites, these rural hubs from Roman times disclose shared characteristics: they are mostly middle-sized farms (between 1,500 and 2,500 square metres), situated on the low hills near the Cecina plain or the minor tributaries, where investigations have detected the presence of everyday ceramics combined with large quantities of fragmentary bricks and roof tiles.
Roman villas from the hinterland to the coast
A different situation is encountered in the Santa Perpetua site, which, due to its position, the vast extension of the area of dispersions of materials and the presence of small fragments of marbles and granites, could be thought of as a “countryside villa”.
In the territory of the Lower Cecina Valley, these typical residential and productive sites from the Roman age are mainly concentrated along the coast, as with the San Vincenzino villa in Cecina. They coexist with minor rural villages and hubs, which characterise the Montescudaio landscape in this phase and attest to its vitality until the late Roman period (II-III century BC).
Tombs and ancient burial sets from Casalgiustri
A Roman settlement is also located in the Casalgiustri site, already frequented in the Etruscan period, as evidenced by the presence of “cappuccina” tombs: covered with gabled and bent tiles and accompanied by burial sets consisting mainly of pottery, they testify to the continuity of life in this area, occupied until the threshold of late antiquity.
Full list of showcases of the Archaeology and History Documentation Centre of Montescudaio (CeDiAS).
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